In 1612, the Virginia Company sent 60 settlers to Bermuda to colonize the island and build a capital city. That year, the Virginia Company sold the island to the Bermuda Company and the island continued to prosper. Eventually, Bermuda was bought by the British and became a British Colony.
Several wars affected relations with Bermuda, including the American Revolutionary War. In 1775, the U.S. colonies established an effective blockade surrounding Bermuda and severely restricted trade, causing widespread hardships for Bermuda's residents. Eventually, the conflict ended and trade relations with the mainland resumed. Later, during the War of 1812, Bermuda was used as a British supply and military base and again suffered blockades that prevented supplies from reaching the island, causing many shortages and hardships.
And finally, during the Civil War, Bermuda was used as a supplier of munitions and supplies to the Confederate forces, making many Bermudians wealthy as a result. In 1941, the U.S. leased a portion of the island from Great Britain to use a military base of operations. Later, in 1995, both the British and the U.S. Naval Bases closed.
No longer used as a military base of operations, Bermuda remains a favorite tourist destination for divers and boaters world-wide.