California was the first state to reach a trillion dollar economy in gross state product and has the largest economy in the states of the union. The state is known as The Land of Milk and Honey, The El Dorado State, The Golden State, and The Grape State. More than 300,000 tons of grapes are grown annually producing more than 1 million gallons of wine each year. It is estimated that there are approximately 500,000 detectable seismic tremors each year. In 1849 the state motto was adopted Eureka! which means I have found it! The motto is in reference to the discovery of gold in the Sierra Nevada.
California's coast runs 840 miles with steep cliffs and terraces rising from most of its shores to the wide sandy beaches that take up most of Southern California's coastline. Eight main regions can be found within the state. The Klamath Mountains lie in the northwest corner of the state with the many small ranges being separated by deep canyons. The San Andreas Fault enters California from the Pacific Ocean and extends into the state. The Coastal Ranges are made up of small chains of mountain ranges and valleys, including Napa valley, Santa Clara, and Salinas Valleys. The Basin and Range Province extend into Nevada, Oregon and other states and hold the southeastern deserts of California. The Sierra Nevada mountain range forms a giant wall 430 miles long and 14,000 feet high. California is home to Mt. Whitney, the highest point in the 48 contiguous United States and the lowest point only 85 miles away at Death Valley.
The climate is varied through California with mild, cooler weather along the coast and hot and dry temperatures in the southeast. There are two distinct seasons, rainy and dry. Rainy season is from October to April in the north and November to March or April in the south. Monthly average temperatures range from 14º-92ºF.
DIVES NOT TO MISS :
Ocean Cove is a campsite near the water in northern California south of Salt Pt. and north of Stillwater Cove offering both shore and boat diving and a rock bottom filled with rockfish and healthy kelp forests. Catalina Island is also a popular dive spot located off the coast of Los Angeles and filled with forests of kelp. The kelp forests are also prevalent farther south where you will also find Wreck Alley in San Diego along with the infamous, Yukon. Still farther south is the Coronados Islands filled with wrecks and seals.